Various Badges
pg 14
徽章・記念章
Rare 2-piece medal from the 1894-5 China War. The suspension has a golden
kite, and the main piece has a star with red cabochon center.

LABEL: 'Auxiliary Infantry 7th Regiment,  Dispatch Member Commemorative
Badge.'
MEDAL REVERSE: '[?????] Auxiliary Infantry 7th Regiment,  Dispatch Member
Commemorative Badge, Meiji 28 [1895] April.'

The reverse label on the case shows the maker of the medal: 'Greater Japan
Commemorative Badge Manufacture Association.' The address shows this
group was from Osaka.
'Togo Youth Association Member Badge.'

Looks like someone messed around with Admiral Togo's
eyes. Or perhaps this is the original state...
Meiji 37-8 [1904-5] Service, Patriotic Association, Osaka City
[?] Ward, [federation?].'

A hole has been punched at the bottom.
Large; thick and heavy. The inscription reads
'Merit, Osaka Patriotic Youth Brigade.'
Small badge marked 'pure silver, gold plated.' The inscription reads 'Army
Special Large Maneuvers, Good Conduct Commemorative, Eastern
Imperial Palace Self-Defense Unit, Showa 7 [1932] November.'
Inscribed 'Prince Nashimoto Morimasa, Imperial Inspection Commemorative Badge,
Showa 12 [1937] April 9, Hiroshima Prefecture.'

Measures about 4 cm by 3 cm. sold
This is  marked 'Special Merit Badge, Mihara City.'
Also a number stamped in: '15.'
Same as above, but marked 'Merit Badge, Mihara City.'
Also a number stamped in: '29.'

The mum here is not gold gilt.
Another example of regular Merit Badge.
The number stamped in is 25.
WW2 shooting award badge.
Inscribed 'Imperial Gift Commemorative, Regiment Special Sharpshooting Award Championship,
Imperial Guard Infantry 2nd Regiment 2nd Company, Showa 11 [1936] June 3.'

The gilt images in the center are the imperial palace and imperial palace bridge.

Measures about 4.5 cm by 3 cm.
3rd Class Diligent Service Award badge. Issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests.
This particular name of the government ministry was first used in 1925 and last in 1943, so
this badge dates from that period. Marked SILVER on reverse.

It is currently the
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

Original kiri wood case.

Inscribed 'War Dispatch Commemorative, Jiandao Special Dispatch Unit,  [Regimental Standard Unit?].'

Jiandao is a small area between Korea and China. You can read the history of the area on the Wikipedia
page.

It seems that the Japanese Army had units in the area in the 1930s, but the inscription seems to indicate a
special occasion for the dispatch. I found two possible events:

1. The October 1920
Battle of Qingshanli, a conflict between the Japanese Army and Korean armed groups.

2.
The 1938-45 Gando Special Force, made up of mostly pro-Japanese Koreans. The actual name for this
group is not explicitly shown on the badge, so this may be unconnected.

Of course, this badge could be entirely unrelated to both of the events described above.
The style of the badge suggests a 1930s manufacture, but again that is conjecture.

Measures about 3 cm by 2.5 cm.
Inscribed 'Commemorative. March 9, Meiji 27 [1894].'
Inscribed 'Conquer China, Victorious Return Commemorative, Meiji 28 [1895] May.'
A random listing of
badges I have found
here and there.
Some of the photos
are linked to themed
pages, so click on
them to see more info
or related badges.
Sacrifice for the Country Unit, Omichi
Inscribed 'Conquer Russia, Victorious Return Commemorative.'
English inscription
'Welcome A.I.M.E.
Entertainment at Teikoku Gekijo Tokyo. Nov. 8, 1911.'
'Showa 9 [1934] May. Holy Regiment Standard Commemorative, Nagoya
Unit.'

I am unsure about the accuracy of my translation.
Anniversary, Music Festival, Showa 45 [1970] November 10, Ministry of Defense.'
A rare medal from the Japanese Military Police (kempei-tai). Inscribed on the case 'Kouji Machi, 9th Ward, Military Police Social Gathering Association.' Kouji Machi
is in Tokyo.
The obverse has a nice design of a shrine, perhaps Yasukuni Shrine. The center circular emblem has the 5 Soldier Virtues inscribed.  (see below)
The reverse of the badge reads 'Koji Machi Military Police Unit, April 23, 2602.' 2602 is 1942. I do not know what happened on this date. Perhaps the formation of
the unit?

Hallmarked 'SILVER F.' This medal is most likely a post-war veteran association.

Emperor Meiji's Imperial Rescript to Soldiers contained the five principles of military ethics:

Loyalty: The soldier should consider loyalty his essential duty. 'Remember that the protection of the state and the maintenance of its power depend upon the strength of
its arms. ... Bear in mind that duty is weightier than a mountain, while death is lighter than a feather.'

Courtesy: The soldier should be strict in observing propriety. 'Inferiors should regard the orders of their superiors as issuing directly from Us [i.e. the Emperor].'

Courage: The soldier should esteem valor. 'Never despise an inferior enemy, or fear a superior, but do one's duty as a soldier or sailor--that is true valor.'

Truthfulness: The soldier should highly value faithfulness and righteousness. 'Faithfulness implies the keeping of one's word, and righteousness the fulfillment of one's
duty.'

Frugality: The soldier should make simplicity his aim. 'If you do not make simplicity your aim, you will become effeminate or frivolous and acquire fondness for luxurious
and extravagant ways.'
Great Japan Agricultural Gift to the Country Association member badges.
Vice-president
Group president
Official
unknown
Inscribed: 'Imperial Year 2600 [1940], Public Worker Merit Badge.' I
am not sure if that is the correct translation of
shakkai jigyou, but it
means someone who has worked for the public in some capacity. It
is a general term, so I do not know who would have received this
badge. However, I think that the city or prefecture would have
Hyogo Prefecture Disabled (the literal translation is 'Crippled') Soldier Association Member Badge
(廃兵協会員微章)