Various Badges
pg 15
徽章・記念章
Wartime badge. I think it is plastic.
'39th Army Commemorative Day, Certain Victory
Commemorative, Tokyo Patriotic Youth Brigade [??Large
March??], Under the Leadership of Toyama Army Academy,
Sponsored by Mainichi Newspaper Company, The City of Tokyo,
and the Tokyo Patriotic Youth Brigade.'

Not exactly sure of the year, but the date was March 10, in
commemoration of the great victory over Russia on that date in
1905. I don't know when the first celebration of this began, but
if it dates to the original battle, this badge would date to 1944.
'Army Commemorative Day Martial Skills Participation.
Exhibition Commemorative, Showa 6 [1932].'
Gilt cherry blossom. No inscription.
Great Japan Federated Women's Association Member Medal
Small pure silver badge. Diameter 2 cm.
The obverse has two imperial Ho-o birds, auspicious cloud symbols, a
gilt rising sun badge, and a stylized Mt. Fuji (perhaps).
Showa 5 [1930] Imperial Security Commemorative, Shizuoka
Prefecture, Fire Brigade Federation.'
Watch fob. The inscription reads 'Yokosuka Bay Factory Zone Tour
Commemorative, Yokosuka City, Showa 9 [1934] June 2.'
This seems to be modeled on the Order of the Rising Sun. Hallmarked as 'pure silver' and the main piece weighs about
46 grams--quite substantial. Inscribed 'Fukagawa City Merit Medal.' A rosette is also attached to the inside of the case.

Original case of issue; unmarked.
Wartime watch fob.
'Award, Imperial Army Photograph Advertisement Commemorative Badge.
Kyoto Domestic Raw Materials for Photographs Patronizing Association.'
Cheaply made badge with a Japanese castle on the obverse and a
charging Japanese soldier on the reverse.

No inscriptions.
Pure silver enamel badge.
Suspension bar reads 'Noma Association.'
Reverse reads 'Meritorious Member Badge.'
Case reads 'Noma Association, Meritorious Member Badge.'

The Noma Association is a martial arts group. Noma is also
very famous as the founder of Kodansha Publishing
Company.
The inscription reads 'Merit, Conquer China Commemorative Medal, Tochigi Prefecture [??].'
The old kanji for China is used here, so this is from the 1894-5 War.
The coin/medal appears to have been polished recently. It shines.
Hallmarked on the edge: Made by Tamaya [玉屋製].
Inscribed 'Osaka Mitsukoshi.' Mitsukoshi is one of the oldest and most famous department stores
in Japan.
'Crown Prince of England, Visit to Japan Commemorative, Patriotic
Youth Brigade Japan Jamboree, Taisho 11 [1922] April 15.'
The design shows the Three Human Suicide Bombers. Measures about 3.5 cm by 3 cm.

An explosion on media images celebrating the war in China hit the country around 1931.
Among these images, the most famous is the Nikudan Sanyushi. These were 3 soldiers who
were blown up in the line of duty in Shanghai.

'The army publicized the three deaths as a conscious act of suicide, claiming the young men
had sacrificed themselves to explode a section of wire fence impeding the army's advance.
Various rumors circulated at the time contradicting the army's account. Some said the three
had died because their commanding officer cut the fuse too short or because he had given
them the wrong type of fuse; others suggested that the men attempted to abandon their
mission but their commander ordered them to follow through.' from Louise Young's Japan's
Total Empire (page 77).

This fad was really popular for about a year, but it faded as other topics became the new fad.
Most Nikudan items, then, date from 1931-1933. Note that there was also a 5 Human Bomb
group also popular in the media at the time.
Imperial Guard badge.
Inscribed 'Entering the Imperial Guard Division
Commemorative.'
2nd Class Technology Skills Badge.
From Ministry of Labor
In order to heighten awareness of the importance of the Army to the nation, an Army ordinance
was issued in 1925. This required all middle schools to include military-style training in the
school curriculum.

This badge commemorates the 15th Anniversary of the ordinance, so it dates to 1940. The
obverse reads 'Imperial Inspection Commemorative' and also on the reverse is 'Okayama
Prefecture Middle Schools, [Supporting Assistant?] Badge.'

The badge measures about 3 cm long.
Rare Nakajima Aircraft Company badge. The company logo is at the
bottom center--the kanji for NAKA encircled by 3 aircraft and a ring.

Inscribed 'Welcoming the Emperor. Visit from the Emperor
Commemorative, Showa 9 [1934] November 16.'

It measures about 3.5 cm by 2.5 cm.
Very rare Commemoration of the Sinking of the Ottoman Frigate
Ertugrul in 1890. See the full story on
WIKIPEDIA.

This medal is dated March 6 (or maybe June 3) 1937 and appears
to be for the unveiling ceremony of a monument. The case,
extremely rare, reads 'Award from the Turkish Ambassador.'

The medal itself measures about 4 cm in diameter.

From Wikipedia:

'Ertuğrul, launched in 1863, was a sailing frigate of the Ottoman
Navy. While returning from a goodwill voyage from Japan in 1890,
she encountered a typhoon off the coast of Wakayama Prefecture,
subsequently drifted into a reef and sank. The maritime accident
resulted in the loss of 533 sailors, including Admiral Ali Osman
Pasha. Only sixty-nine sailors and officers survived and returned
home later aboard two Japanese corvettes. The event is still
commemorated as a foundation stone of Japanese-Turkish
friendship.'
Frigate Ertuğrul Memorial in Kushimoto, Japan
1929 British Industry Meeting in Tokyo. No case.
WEC may refer to the World Energy Council.
n   
1929 World Power Conference in Tokyo. Probably attached to the button
hole on a lapel--the
magatama (勾玉 imperial jewel) attachment is a
nice touch.

Original case.
Small and thin badge celebrating the 1921 Crown Prince (later Showa Emperor) voyage to Europe.
This may have been a giveaway of some sort.
Small and thin badge with the image of Admiral Togo. The reverse looks to be a famous saying of his.
This may have been a giveaway of some sort.

Inscribed 'Conquer Russia, War Service Commemorative Badge.'
1890 Imperial Rescript on Education merit badge.
Nagano Prefecture.
There is an emblem above the flags, but I cannot identify it. Inscribed on
the obverse: 'Imperial Russia. Welcoming Committee.' On the reverse:
'Sponsored by New Aichi Newspaper Company. Taisho 5 [1916] August 18.'
There are shaking hands above the flags. Inscribed on the obverse: 'Imperial
Russia. Welcoming Committee.' On the reverse: 'Sponsored by Aichi Prefecture.
Taisho 5 [1916] November.'
4 badges from the Great Japan Forestry Association. Established in 1882.
Responsible for overseeing the development of the woods and forests. It is
rare to find these badges, and here we have four different varieties, two of
which have the original cases. Included are
1. 'Great Japan Forestry Association Special Silver Merit Badge.' Original
lacquered wood case.
2. 'Great Japan Forestry Association Special Member Badge.' Gold gilt;
original cardboard case.
3. 'Great Japan Forestry Association Regular Member Badge.' Silver; no case.
4. 'Great Japan Forestry Association 50th Anniversary Commemorative
Badge. Showa 6 [1931] June.' No case (the case included here is a
REPLACEMENT).
Inscribed 'Occupation of Port Arthur
Commemorative.' This happened in 1895, so
I am assuming this small piece was made to
commemorate that event. The design shows
a Japanese flag flying over a Chinese
building.