Extreme Weather Practice
Martial Arts Badges
Practicing in extreme weather has long been a tradition in the Japanese martial arts. This would not only
be of benefit to the body but also--perhaps mainly--be a spiritual exercise. Generally speaking, the winter
practice lasts from 5 to 15 days, and the length is determined before the practice begins. Then the
participants would rise early in the morning and perform extremely difficult routines in the cold.

Although cold weather practice is most common, it was also done in summer.

This extreme weather practice can be found in early Shinto religion as well as Buddhism.

Below are some charms I found that were given to participants. Most of them have the same emblem in the
design, but I have yet to identify it.
Superb late-war badge. The obverse design has a 3-legged crow and the Rising
Sun emblem. At the top is a martial arts association insignia.

The reverse reads 'Showa 18 [1943] Sacrifice for the Nation Badge, Cold Practice,
Certain Victory Prayer.'


Measures about 4 cm long.
1940? Sterling silver
1944 charm
1949 charm
Undated. Sterling silver
1976 charm. Summer practice
1992 charm. Winter practice
1967 charm. Winter practice
1967 charm. Summer practice
1933 2-pin set.
1959 charm. Summer practice
1958 charm. SILVER. Winter practice
Undated
1977 charm. Summer practice
1993 charm. Winter practice
1995 charm. Winter practice
1994 charm. Winter practice
2007 charm. Winter practice
'Award, Cold Weather Practice, Showa 6 [1931].'

Probably a school badge, and the blossom appears to be the
school emblem.
1957 charms.
1955 charms
A lot of characters here. What I can certainly read are these:
'Prayer for Long Life in the War,
Daisoujou [a Buddhist term], Nichijun [the main priest of the
Taiseki Temple], Imperial Year 2603 [1943].' There are more here, but I cannot understand
them. This is most likely a wartime good luck charm to be carried by soldiers, probably
given by the temple mentioned above.

NOTE: This is small, about 1.5 cm square.
A lot of characters here. What I can certainly read are these:
'Prayer for Long Life in the War,
Daisoujou [a Buddhist term], Nichijun [the main priest of the
Taiseki Temple], Imperial Year 2603 [1943].' There are more here, but I cannot understand
them. This is most likely a wartime good luck charm to be carried by soldiers, probably
given by the temple mentioned above.

NOTE: This is small, about 1.5 cm square.

Both are dated 1978.
Both are dated 1954. One is stamped sterling silver.
Both are dated 1975.
Both are dated 1962. One is stamped sterling silver.
Both are dated 1951. One is stamped sterling silver.
Both are dated 1955. One is stamped sterling silver.
Both are dated 1982.
Judo badge in original wrap.

Inscribed 'Hitotsubashi Association, Judo Club, Cold
weather practice.'

Dated 1915. It also has a Latin phrase meaning 'A
sound mind in a sound body.'

    
Kendo (Swordfighting) Club badge dated 2598, which is 1938.
Cold weather practice award.
Gifu Commerical High School cold weather
practice championship badge dated 2598, which
is 1938.
'Martial Arts. Gifu Middle School 2nd Martial Arts Cold
Weather Practice 1936.'