Manchukuo Empire:
Badges, page 2
大満州国徽章
Enameled star.
Inscribed 'Imperial Enthronement Commemorative Badge,
Koutoku 1 [1933].'
Enameled national flags.
Inscribed 'Osaka Japan/Manchukuo/China Economic Development Association, Showa 13 [1938] November.'
Inscribed 'Manchukuo Patriotic Women's Association.'
Enameled national flags.
Inscribed 'Army & Civilian Martyr [?Association/}, Imperial Year 2598 [1938].'
Inscribed 'Respect for the Aged, Commemorative Badge, Koutoku 2 [1934], March 1, [??] Prefecture.'
Kirin Province Merit Medal (replica)
Manchukuo and Italian national flags
"Manchukuo, National Foundation 1-Year Anniversary, Daidou 2 [1933] March 1."
'Railroad Protection Medal.'
Liaoning Prefecture, Manchukuo Emperor Enthronement Commemorative.
SUSPENSION BAR: 'Imperial Railroad Association,
General Meeting Badge.'
REVERSE: 'Imperial Railroad Association, 33rd [??]
General Meeting Commemorative, Showa 11 [1936]
May, Dairen City.'
RIBBON: 'Okahara Yoshiji.'
The design has a kanji for ‘Prize’ at the top so we know this is an award of
some sort. The center design has a kendo (Japanese swordfighting)
mask, but neither of the two figures behind it are swords. One is a rifle
and another is a rifle shape with a circular object on the tip. This indicates
that the skills practiced here are not swordfighting skills but bayonet
skills. The former is called kendo and the latter
jukendo, the kanji  ju
prefixed to the other two meaning ‘gun.’

Kendo is still quite popular here in Japan and abroad, being one of the
traditional martial arts. However, one may be surprised to learn that
jukendo is also being practiced in Japan here today, although it is a minor
and relatively unknown sport.

Back to the badge: The figure below the mask is the insignia for the
Manchuria Railroad Defense Unit. Two crossed rifles superimposed on a
rail. These were IJA units stationed in Manchuria and assigned to defend
the railways.

The reverse is rather plain, having just an inscription. It reads ‘Kantou-
shou, Yanji [City], Moribe Unit.’  (Moribe is a family name and designates
the commander of a unit.) I placed the first term in italics since this is the
Japanese reading of a Manchukuo province that of course no longer
exists. Now the area is called Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture,
and though located in China is mostly populated with Koreans.

So this badge was given to a winner in a jukendo competition held within
the Moribe Unit, or perhaps the competition was between different units
and the Moribe Unit gained a prize, each contributing member receiving a
badge.
The obverse is enameled, with laurel branches and a
blue shield. Army star above. Inscribed 'Manchuria
Garrison Commemorative Badge.' On the reverse is a
dragonfly (a traditional symbol of Japan) hovering over
Manchuria. Written here is '16th Division, Manchuria.'
Inscribed 'Shinkyo Youth Pilots, Airplane Design
Exhibition,  Manchukuo Pilot Association.'
Kirin Province Merit Medal (authentic)
Manchukuo Rail Defense Badge.
The insignia for this unit is on the obverse with cherry blossoms.
The reverse has a map with different rail stations in Manchukuo.
The inscription reads something like '3rd Independent Rail
Defense Unit, Accident-Free Railroad Patrol Service Badge.'
Aluminum badge.

Inscribed 'Great Japan Patriotic Youth Brigade, 15th Meeting, Japan/Manchukuo/China Patriotic Youth Brigade
Exchange Association, Held at Seoul, Imperial Year 2599 [1939], September 16th & 17th.'
Scarce commemorative table medal. Inscribed 'Manchuria/Mongolia
Military [満蒙軍事] Exhibition. Showa 7 [1932] September. Sponsored by
New Aichi Newspaper.'

It measures about 5 cm diameter. Weight: about 94 grams.
The central emblem may include the South Manchurian Railroad emblem
along with another emblem. I am not sure, though.

Underneath the reverse pin is a bar that almost certainly held a ribbon of
some sort.

Good sized badge. Length: about 5 cm.

Made of aluminum, I think.
Inscribed 'Youth Loyalty
Badge. Yamagata Prefecture.'