Manchukuo Empire:
Badges, page 2
大満州国徽章
Enameled star.
Inscribed 'Imperial Enthronement Commemorative Badge,
Koutoku 1 [1933].'
Enameled national flags.
Inscribed 'Osaka Japan/Manchukuo/China Economic Development Association, Showa 13 [1938] November.'
Inscribed 'Manchukuo Patriotic Women's
Association.'
Enameled national flags.
Inscribed 'Army & Civilian Martyr [?Association/}, Imperial Year 2598 [1938].'
Inscribed 'Respect for the Aged, Commemorative Badge, Koutoku 2 [1934], March 1, [??]
Prefecture.'
Kirin Province Merit Medal (replica)
Manchukuo and Italian national flags
"Manchukuo, National Foundation 1-Year Anniversary, Daidou 2 [1933] March
1."
'Railroad Protection Medal.'
Liaoning Prefecture, Manchukuo Emperor Enthronement Commemorative.
SUSPENSION BAR: 'Imperial Railroad Association,
General Meeting Badge.'
REVERSE: 'Imperial Railroad Association, 33rd [??]
General Meeting Commemorative, Showa 11 [1936]
May, Dairen City.'
RIBBON: 'Okahara Yoshiji.'
The design has a kanji for ‘Prize’ at the top so we know this is an
award of some sort. The center design has a kendo (Japanese
swordfighting) mask, but neither of the two figures behind it are
swords. One is a rifle and another is a rifle shape with a circular object
on the tip. This indicates that the skills practiced here are not
swordfighting skills but bayonet skills. The former is called kendo and
the latter
jukendo, the kanji  ju prefixed to the other two meaning ‘gun.’

Kendo is still quite popular here in Japan and abroad, being one of the
traditional martial arts. However, one may be surprised to learn that
jukendo is also being practiced in Japan here today, although it is a
minor and relatively unknown sport.

Back to the badge: The figure below the mask is the insignia for the
Manchuria Railroad Defense Unit. Two crossed rifles superimposed on
a rail. These were IJA units stationed in Manchuria and assigned to
defend the railways.

The reverse is rather plain, having just an inscription. It reads ‘Kantou-
shou, Yanji [City], Moribe Unit.’  (Moribe is a family name and
designates the commander of a unit.) I placed the first term in italics
since this is the Japanese reading of a Manchukuo province that of
course no longer exists. Now the area is called Yanbian Korean
Autonomous Prefecture, and though located in China is mostly
populated with Koreans.

So this badge was given to a winner in a jukendo competition held
within the Moribe Unit, or perhaps the competition was between
different units and the Moribe Unit gained a prize, each contributing
member receiving a badge.
The obverse is enameled, with laurel branches and a
blue shield. Army star above. Inscribed 'Manchuria
Garrison Commemorative Badge.' On the reverse is a
dragonfly (a traditional symbol of Japan) hovering
over Manchuria. Written here is '16th Division,
Manchuria.'
Inscribed 'Shinkyo Youth Pilots, Airplane Design
Exhibition,  Manchukuo Pilot Association.'
Kirin Province Merit Medal (authentic)
Manchukuo Rail Defense Badge.
The insignia for this unit is on the obverse with cherry blossoms.
The reverse has a map with different rail stations in Manchukuo.
The inscription reads something like '3rd Independent Rail
Defense Unit, Accident-Free Railroad Patrol Service Badge.'
Aluminum badge.

Inscribed 'Great Japan Patriotic Youth Brigade, 15th Meeting, Japan/Manchukuo/China Patriotic Youth Brigade
Exchange Association, Held at Seoul, Imperial Year 2599 [1939], September 16th & 17th.'
Scarce commemorative table medal. Inscribed 'Manchuria/Mongolia
Military [満蒙軍事] Exhibition. Showa 7 [1932] September. Sponsored by
New Aichi Newspaper.'

It measures about 5 cm diameter. Weight: about 94 grams.
The central emblem may include the South Manchurian Railroad emblem
along with another emblem. I am not sure, though.

Underneath the reverse pin is a bar that almost certainly held a ribbon of
some sort.

Good sized badge. Length: about 5 cm.

Made of aluminum, I think.
Inscribed 'Youth Loyalty
Badge. Yamagata Prefecture.'
Manchurian Incident Commemorative.
29th Infantry Regiment
Inscribed 'Showa 6-7 [1931-2] Manchuria Garrison Commemorative Badge.