Manchukuo Empire:
Badges, page 5
Establishment of the Manchukuo's Flying Association

Commemorative Medal
Rare Manchuria Railroad Independent Defense Unit
Commemorative Badges.

Note the differences between these similar badges. The most
striking difference is that on one the rifles are superimposed on
the railroad tie while the other has the opposite. Various smaller
variations in the flowers and leaves and spacing of the design
Dairen Shrine medal.
Dated Showa 8 [1933]
The reverses vary, too. The stamped
inscription is the same but the one to the
left has engraved characters that read
'Northern Border Defense Commemorative.
2595 [1935].'
'Award. Tianjin Incident Garrison
Commemorative. Tianjin Japanese Girls'
High School.'