General member badge
Established in 1937; abolished in 1945.
From the WIKIPEDIA PAGE
The National Spiritual Mobilization Movement was an organization established in the Empire of Japan as part of the controls on civilian
organizations under the National Mobilization Law by Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe.
Representatives from 74 nationalist organizations were assembled at the Prime Minister's residence in October 1937, and were told that
their organizations were now part of the "Central League of the Spiritual Mobilization Movement," headed by Admiral Ryokitsu Arima and
under the joint supervision of the Ministry of Home Affairs and Ministry of Education. The purpose of the Movement would be to rally the
nation for a total war effort against China in the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Konoe later ordered another 19 nationalist organizations to join the League. This movement and other policies were part of "New Order"
which was promulgated on 3 November 1938, a holiday marking Emperor Meiji's birthday.
Apart from public calls for increased patriotism, the National Spiritual Mobilization Movement spanned some concrete programs like
Boosting Production Service to the Nation, Increasing Crops Service to the Nation, and Student Volunteers Corps Service to the Nation. It was
moreover part of a general move made by the Shōwa regime to closely control the information which had begun in 1936 with the
establishment of the Cabinet Information Committee which launched two official magazines : the Shūhō (Weekly Report) in November 1936
and the Shashin Shūhō (Photographic Weekly Report). The purpose of these was "to ensure that the content and purport of the policies
inaugurated by the Government are widely disseminated to the general citizenry and correctly understood by them".
Konoe's successor, Prime Minister Kiichiro Hiranuma, turned the movement over to General Sadao Araki in January 1939, who revitalized it
by having it sponsor public rallies, radio programs, printed propaganda and discussion seminars at neighborhood associations. Famous
public figures were recruited to provide lectures on the virtues of thrift, hygiene and hard work, and to disseminate a sense of national pride
in the Japanese people.
The League was abolished on 20 December 1945 by the American occupation authorities after the surrender of Japan.
Kyoto branch member badge
Pocket knife in the shape of a ship, dated 1938. An embossed flag and life preserver are on the reverse.
OBVERSE: 'Imperial Year 2598 , National Spiritual Mobilization Movement member.'
REVERSE: 'Indomitable Spirit, Going to Higher Levels. Mail Ship Crew Member, Entertainment Division, Boating Athletic Club, 15th Annual Race.'